::Free Statistics and Forecasting Software::



:: Bias-Reduced Logistic Regression - Free Statistics Software (Calculator) ::

All rights reserved. The non-commercial (academic) use of this software is free of charge. The only thing that is asked in return is to cite this software when results are used in publications.

This free online software (calculator) computes the Bias-Reduced Logistic Regression (maximum penalized likelihood) as proposed by David Firth. The penalty function is the Jeffreys invariant prior which removes the O(1/n) term from the asymptotic bias of estimated coefficients (Firth, 1993). It always yields finite estimates and standard errors (unlike the Maximum Likelihood Estimation in situations of (quasi-)complete discrimination).

Note: the first column (=endogenous series) must be a binary variable.

Enter (or paste) a matrix (table) containing all data (time) series. Every column represents a different variable and must be delimited by a space or Tab. Every row represents a period in time (or category) and must be delimited by hard returns. The easiest way to enter data is to copy and paste a block of spreadsheet cells. Please, do not use commas or spaces to seperate groups of digits!

Send output to:
Data X (click to load default data)
Names of X columns:
Chart options

Source code of R module
Top | Output | Charts | References

Cite this software as:
Wessa P., (2016), Bias Reduced Logistic Regression (v1.0.6) in Free Statistics Software (v1.2.1), Office for Research Development and Education, URL http://www.wessa.net/rwasp_logisticregression.wasp/
The R code is based on :
Firth, D. (1993) Bias reduction of maximum likelihood estimates., Biometrika, 80, 27-38.
Firth, D. (1992) Bias reduction, the Jeffreys prior and GLIM. In Advances in GLIM and Statistical Modelling, Eds. L Fahrmeir, B J Francis, R Gilchrist and G Tutz, pp91-100., New York: Springer.
Heinze, G. and Schemper, M. (2002) A solution to the problem of separation in logistic regression., Statistics in Medicine, 21, 2409-2419.
Zorn, C (2005). A solution to separation in binary response models., Political Analysis, 13, 157-170.
P.D.M. Macdonald, R Functions for ROC Curves and the Hosmer-Lemeshow Test, URL http://www.math.mcmaster.ca/peter/s4f03/s4f03_0607/rochl.html, retrieved 2008/01/28
Viv Bewick, Liz Cheek, and Jonathan Ball, Statistics review 14: Logistic regression, Crit Care. 2005; 9(1): 112–118.Published online 2005 January 13. doi: 10.1186/cc3045.URL http://ccforum.com/content/9/1/112
Top | Output | Charts | References

To cite Wessa.net in publications use:
Wessa, P. (2024), Free Statistics Software, Office for Research Development and Education,
version 1.2.1, URL https://www.wessa.net/

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Software Version : 1.2.1
Algorithms & Software : Patrick Wessa, PhD
Server : www.wessa.net

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